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A Federal Wealth Tax Has Been Introduced in the Senate. Here's What Affluent Families Need to Know Thumbnail

A Federal Wealth Tax Has Been Introduced in the Senate. Here's What Affluent Families Need to Know


By Joe Delaney

Several U.S. senators have proposed new legislation in an effort to raise $3 trillion in tax revenue over the next decade.1 Called the Ultra-Millionaire Tax, this new proposed legislation comes in direct response to the economic turmoil Americans have experienced throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.

Senator Elizabeth Warren described the necessity for such revenue saying, “As Congress develops additional plans to help our economy, the wealth tax should be at the top of the list to help pay for these plans because of the huge amounts of revenue it would generate.”1

The majority of Americans would not see a direct impact from this proposed wealth tax. But for those it would affect, this could greatly increase their tax obligation in the future. If you’re concerned, here’s what you should know about this potential change.

What Is Being Proposed?

Several senators proposed the Ultra-Millionaire Tax Act on March 1, 2021. This tax legislation would impact 100,000 households, or those considered to be in the top 0.05 percent of wealth earners in America.1 More specifically, the Ultra-Millionaire Tax Act is a wealth tax that would affect those with a net worth of $50 million or more.

Affected ultra-high-net-worth families would be taxed as follows:

  • Two percent annual tax for those with a net worth of $50 million to $1 billion.
  • Three percent annual tax (two percent plus one percent surtax) for those with a net worth of $1 billion or more.

What Is a Wealth Tax?

With income tax, the individual is taxed on how much they made during the previous year in taxable income (such as a salary, retirement account withdrawals, interest, etc.).

Wealth tax, on the other hand, is an annual tax that is applied toward an individual’s actual net worth - as opposed to the income earned over that year.

Do Wealth Taxes Currently Exist?

Several states have proposed wealth taxes in the past. In 2020, California introduced a wealth tax for residents (and former eligible residents) with a net worth of $30 million or more. The proposed legislation, however, has not moved forward.

Several states currently have a “millionaire tax” implemented, which is based on an individual or family's taxable yearly income.

What Should Ultra-High-Net-Worth Families Do to Prepare?

Learning that you may be faced with an additional tax burden never feels good. But the reality is, there’s no guarantee of when, or if, this proposed legislation will be passed into law. Those concerned about the potential tax obligations should work with their financial planner or tax professional. Familiarize yourself with the details of the proposed wealth tax, as well as any anti-evasion and avoidance measures proposed as well.

Like anything in life, it makes sense to plan for these evolving tax changes to ease potential tax burdens - or help you determine how you may be able to lower your tax obligation. Reach out to discuss your concerns as we continue to monitor this proposed legislation. 

  1. https://www.warren.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Wealth%20Tax%20Bill%20Text.pdf

The opinions expressed by myself and other featured authors are their own and may not accurately reflect those of Lifeguard Wealth. This article is for general information only and is not intended to serve as specific financial, accounting or tax advice.

© 2020, Lifeguard Wealth